Geneva, Switzerland, 12 - 13 January 2009

Workshop: Scientific Diasporas: From Brain Drain to Brain Gain

Workshop – Scientific Diasporas: “From Brain Drain” to “Brain Gain”

It is natural for scientists of Southern Countries to travel to Developed Countries where they expect to find better conditions to develop their scientific potential. Whilst some will remain abroad for relatively short periods, some will remain longer and even pursue a career in their host countries, constituting what is often called a “Scientific Diaspora”. This situation is often described as a “Brain Drain”, meaning a loss, by the Countries of Origin, of desperately needed resources. In the present era of globalization, we think a different attitude should now prevail. It appears more and more that Scientific Diasporas can be considered an important asset for the “Countries of Origin”, as is indeed demonstrated by the part scientific émigrés have played in the scientific and technological development of China and India.

What are the best practices (for individual Scientists as well as for Governments) in order to achieve a “win-win” situation, to benefit researchers, their host countries, as well as their countries of origin, a situation sometimes described as “Brain Gain”? These questions will be debated, with a view of making concrete proposals, during a workshop “From Brain Drain to Brain Gain” grouping scientists as well as decision makers from both sides of the Mediterranean, at the invitation of the Sharing Knowledge Foundation. The meeting is hosted by the World Meteorological Organization.

Documents to be consulted:

The recommendations and conclusions of the workshop: Recommendations_geneva2009

Text of John Ellis: Roles of International organizations

List of participants: liste_des_participants2009

The videos of the meeting are available here: videos2009

Press releases about our workshop: TribunedeGeneve2009Nouvelliste2009Hebdo2009

Program

Download the program

Session 1: Testimonies: Studies abroad

Chair of session : M- V. K. Sivakumar, WMO, Geneva, Chief, Agricultural Meteorology Division

Rapporteur: Adel Trabelsi

10h15

Adel Trabelsi

Centre National des Sciences Et Technologies Nucléaires, Pôle Technologique, Tunisia

10h30

Mousa Mohsen

Professor and Dean of Scientific Research and Graduate Studies, Hashemite University, Jordan

10h45

Lionel Gbaguidi

AGRIVET PARTNERS, Cotonou

11h00

Dibungi T. Kalenda

CESNOV, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Kinshasa

Session 2: Testimonies: Career abroad, Return and Reintegration in the Country of Origin

Chair of session : Katepalli R. Sreenivasan, ICTP Director

Rapporteur : Azzedine Elmidaoui

11h30

Oum Kalthoum Ben Hassine

Université de Tunis

11h45

Azzedine Elmidaoui

Université Ibn Tofa 1, Kenitra

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12h00

Abdeslam Hoummada

Université Hassan II Ain Chock, Casablanca

12h15

Chafik Benchouk

Université Houari Boumédienne des Sciences et de la Technologie, Alger

12h30

Discussion

Session 3: Testimonies: Extended Expatriate Careers

Chair of session : O. K. Ben Hassine

Rapporteur : A. Tadjeddine

14h30

Kamal Benslama

U. Regina, Saskatchevan

14h45

Othmane Bouhali

Director of  Centre de Calcul et de Recherche à l’Université Texas A&M, Qatar

13h00

Antal Bulanza

Brussels

13h15

Moncef Cheikh-Rouhou

HEC, Paris

13h30

Samira Hassani

SPP, Saclay

13h45

Discussions

Session 4: Institutions

Chair of session : J-P Connerade, Imperial College, London

Rapporteur : John Ellis

17h00

The role of foreign researchers in CNRS

Michel Spiro, Directeur de l’IN2P3, CNRS

17h25

The role of ICTP in Building Capacities in Emerging countries

Claudio Tuniz, ICTP Deputy-Director

17h50

The role of CERN

John Ellis, CERN, Geneva

18h15

The role of Internet to alleviate Brain Drain

Guy Wormser, Director of the “Laboratoire de l’Accélérateur Linéaire d’Orsay”, Directeur de l’Institut des Grilles du CNRS, Coordinateur français du projet européen EGEE II

18h40

Abderrahmane Tadjeddine

Directeur Adjoint de la Chimie au CNRS

19h30

End of session

Session 5: Policies

Chair of session : Abdeslam Hoummada

Rapporteur : Jean-Patrick Connerade

09h00

Ghita Zouggari

Ministère des Marocains Résidants à l’ Étranger, Rabat

09h30

Barbara Rhode

European Commission

10h00

An Economic Role for Scientific Diasporas

Henry Marty-Gauquié, Banque Européenne d’investissement, Paris

marty_gauquie2009a

marty_gauquie_2009b

 

10h30

Mobilité dans l’Union pour la Méditerranée

Pierre Beckouche, Université Paris Panthéon Sorbonne IPEMed

11h30-12h30

Discussion

14h00

Groups: Preparation of recommendations with rapporteurs

16h30

Discussion and adoption of recommendations

17h00

Conclusions

18h00

End of workshop